What is the Right To Be Forgotten?
If you are a citizen of the EU, Right to Be Forgotten might help you clean up your past
Image that, in your past, you were in a financial slump. In order to avoid bankruptcy, you held an auction on a property you own, along with many of your things. Because you are a person of influence and fame, the auction is publicized on the internet and becomes a top search result for your name. Although many years have gone by since then, you cannot put it behind you because it is still included in search results.
If you live in the European Union or Argentina, you can put it behind you, because you have a right to be forgotten. In 2013, the European Court of Justice began to consider the right to be forgotten a human right. This means that, in certain cases, details of events like the one described above, must be removed from search engines.
What does the "Right to be Forgotten" Forget?
A case similar to the situation described above actually happened, and the court ruled in favor of the individual because the interference with the right of data protection of the individual could not be justified by the economic interest of the search engine.
The court ruled that information included in the Right to be Forgotten, for the purpose of data processing, must be:
These criteria sound vague, and it seems that the European Court of Justice knows it. They have explicitly stated that each case must be reviewed individually to be balanced against freedom of expression of the media and the public right to know.
The role of the person involved in the case is also taken into consideration. Each fundamental right must be balanced against the others, so that no individual right topples the rest. It's important to keep in mind with the Right to be Forgotten that there are clear limits set to keep it in check.
Do Americans Have a Right to be Forgotten?
In short, the U.S. does not enjoy the same type of laws that the European Union does. There have been a few cases in recent history that have been ruled in favor of some form of the Right to be Forgotten, but there is no hard and fast legislation that supports it as a human right.
A 2015 study conducted by Benenson Strategy Group returned the results that 52 percent of Americans strongly support some form of the Right to be Forgotten. There may be wide support for a Right to be Forgotten in America, but as of right now it is not supported by law.